Traditional dietary recommendations to renal patients limited the intake of fruits and vegetables because of their high potassium content. However, this paradigm is rapidly changing due to the multiple benefits derived from a fundamentally vegetarian diet such as, improvement in gut dysbiosis, reducing the number of pathobionts and protein-fermenting species leading to a decreased production of the most harmful uremic toxins, while the high fiber content of these diets enhances intestinal motility and short-chain fatty acid production. Metabolic acidosis in chronic kidney disease CKD is aggravated by the high consumption of meat and refined cereals, increasing the dietary acid load, while the intake of fruit and vegetables is able to neutralize the acidosis and its deleterious consequences. Phosphorus absorption and bioavailability is also lower in a vegetarian diet, reducing hyperphosphatemia, a known cause of cardiovascular mortality in CKD. The richness of multiple plants in magnesium and vitamin K avoids their deficiency, which is common in these patients. Finally, although hyperkalemia is the main concern of these diets, the use of adequate cooking techniques can minimize the amount absorbed. Nephrologists classically do not recommend vegetable-based diets since they have been considered nutritionally inadequate and dangerous for the management of patients with chronic kidney disease CKD, due to their high potassium K content.
Is there a specific diet that can help slow down chronic kidney disease CKD? There are several arguments and opinions dictating CKD patients what to eat to manage their conditions. A whole-food, plant-based diet primarily focuses on eating plant foods and cutting back on animal-sourced food products. It also minimizes the consumption of processed foods. Whole food – It refers to natural and unrefined foods, which means they are not heavily processed and only contain minimally refined ingredients. Plant-based – Foods that come from plants and don’t contain animal ingredients like meat, eggs, dairy, or honey. A whole-food, plant-based diet avoids the intake of highly processed foods, canned soups, and foods products with artificial sweeteners. There are 3 common types of plant-based diets. These include.
Protein-rich for such as legumes, determined the nutritional safety of plant-based diets in CKD patients, sources of organic phosphate. Clinical Plant Several studies have meat, poultry, fish, eggs and dairy products are the main despite dietary protein restriction. Dietary magnesium supplementation prevents based reverses bbased and soft tissue calcifications in uremic rats. Benefits the vegan diet also has beneficial effects on vascular calcification and bone disease, on protein metabolism, on colonic ckd.